Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) is an undergraduate professional course in India that focuses on physical therapy and rehabilitation. It is designed to train students in the evaluation, assessment, and treatment of individuals with physical disabilities or impairments. BPT programs aim to prepare physiotherapists who can work in various healthcare settings to improve the quality of life of individuals through physical interventions. Here are key details about the BPT course in India:

Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Educational Qualification:
    • Candidates must have completed 10+2 (or its equivalent) with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as compulsory subjects.
  2. Minimum Marks:
    • The minimum aggregate marks required may vary between institutions but typically range from 50% to 60%.

Course Duration:

  • BPT is a four-year undergraduate program, divided into eight semesters.

Course Curriculum:

First Year:

  1. Anatomy:
    • Study of the structure of the human body.
  2. Physiology:
    • Understanding the functions of various systems in the body.
  3. Biochemistry:
    • Basics of biochemical processes in the human body.
  4. Biomechanics:
    • Study of the mechanical aspects of living organisms.
  5. Psychology:
    • Introduction to psychological principles relevant to physiotherapy.

Second Year:

  1. Pathology:
    • Understanding disease processes.
  2. Pharmacology:
    • Basics of drugs and their effects on the human body.
  3. Microbiology:
    • Study of microorganisms.
  4. Introduction to Physiotherapy:
    • Basic principles and techniques used in physiotherapy.
  5. Exercise Therapy:
    • Techniques for therapeutic exercises.

Third Year:

  1. Orthopedics:
    • Study of musculoskeletal conditions and disorders.
  2. Neurology:
    • Understanding neurological conditions and rehabilitation.
  3. Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy:
    • Techniques for respiratory and cardiovascular rehabilitation.
  4. Electrotherapy:
    • Application of electrical modalities in physiotherapy.

Fourth Year:

  1. Community Medicine:
    • Understanding public health and community-based healthcare.
  2. Research Methodology and Biostatistics:
    • Introduction to research methods used in physiotherapy.
  3. Clinical Postings:
    • Hands-on clinical training in various specialties.

Practical Training:

  • BPT programs include clinical internships and practical training, where students gain hands-on experience in different healthcare settings.


  • The final year often involves a mandatory internship where students work in hospitals and clinics under the supervision of experienced physiotherapists.

Career Opportunities:

  1. Hospitals and Clinics:
    • Physiotherapists can work in hospitals and private clinics.
  2. Rehabilitation Centers:
    • Opportunities in rehabilitation centers for individuals with disabilities.
  3. Sports Clinics:
    • Working with athletes to prevent and treat injuries.
  4. Community Health Centers:
    • Involvement in community health programs.
  5. Educational Institutions:
    • Teaching positions in physiotherapy schools and colleges.


  • Physiotherapists play a crucial role in the healthcare system by helping individuals recover from injuries, manage chronic conditions, and improve overall physical well-being.


  • After completing BPT and the internship, graduates are eligible to register with the respective State Physiotherapy Council and practice as registered physiotherapists.