Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS) is an undergraduate degree program in the field of Unani medicine, which is a traditional system of medicine that has its roots in ancient Greece. BUMS is focused on the principles and practices of Unani medicine and prepares students to become practitioners of this alternative healthcare system. Here are key details about the BUMS course in India:

Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Educational Qualification:
    • Candidates must have completed 10+2 or its equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as mandatory subjects.
  2. Minimum Marks:
    • The minimum aggregate marks required may vary between institutions but typically range from 50% to 60%.

Course Duration:

  • BUMS is typically a five and a half years undergraduate program, including one year of internship.

Course Structure:

Pre-Clinical Subjects (First Year):

  1. Kulliyat Umoor-e-Tabi’iyah (Basic Principles of Unani Medicine):
    • Introduction to the basic principles of Unani medicine.
  2. Mantiq wa Falsafa (Logic and Philosophy):
    • Studies related to logic and philosophy in Unani medicine.
  3. Tashreeh-ul-Badan (Anatomy):
    • Study of the human anatomy.
  4. Mizajiyat (Temperament):
    • Understanding the concept of Mizaj (temperament) in Unani medicine.

Para-Clinical Subjects (Second Year):

  1. Ilmul Amraz (Pathology):
    • Study of diseases and their causes.
  2. Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology):
    • Introduction to pharmacology in Unani medicine.
  3. Ilmul Saidla (Pharmacy):
    • Principles of preparing Unani medicines.
  4. Ilmul Hifzan-e-Sehat (Hygiene and Community Medicine):
    • Principles of hygiene and community medicine.

Clinical Subjects (Third to Fifth Year):

  1. Ilmul Qabalat wa Amraze Niswan (Obstetrics and Gynecology):
    • Study of obstetrics and gynecology.
  2. Ilmul Atfal (Pediatrics):
    • Pediatric medicine.
  3. Ilmul Jarahiyat (Surgery):
    • Basic principles of surgery in Unani medicine.
  4. Ilmul Samum (Toxicology):
    • Study of toxins and their effects.


  • The final year usually involves a one-year compulsory internship, where students gain practical experience in clinical settings, dispensaries, and hospitals.

Career Opportunities:

  1. Clinical Practice:
    • Setting up private practice as a Unani medicine practitioner.
  2. Government Health Departments:
    • Opportunities in government healthcare departments.
  3. Teaching:
    • Teaching positions in Unani medical colleges.
  4. Research:
    • Involvement in research projects related to Unani medicine.
  5. Healthcare Industry:
    • Opportunities in the herbal and natural healthcare industry.


  • After completing BUMS and the internship, graduates are eligible to register with the respective State Unani Medical Boards or Councils.

Further Education:

  • BUMS graduates can pursue postgraduate studies (MD/MS) in various specializations of Unani medicine.


  • BUMS is a recognized qualification that allows individuals to practice Unani medicine, an ancient system that focuses on natural healing and holistic well-being.