The General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) course in India is a diploma program that prepares students for a career in nursing and midwifery. It is a three-and-a-half-year program that focuses on providing students with the necessary knowledge and skills to become competent and compassionate nurses. Here are key details about the GNM course in India:

Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Educational Qualification:
    • Candidates must have completed 10+2 or its equivalent with a minimum aggregate of 40-50%, depending on the institute.
  2. Subjects:
    • Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are often preferred. Some institutes may also consider candidates from the Arts or Commerce streams.

Course Duration:

  • The GNM course typically spans over three and a half years, which includes both theoretical and practical training.

Course Curriculum:

  1. First Year:
    • Introduction to Nursing, Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology, Psychology, and Fundamentals of Nursing.
  2. Second Year:
    • Medical-Surgical Nursing, Pharmacology, Pathology, Community Health Nursing, and Communicable Diseases.
  3. Third Year:
    • Pediatric Nursing, Psychiatric Nursing, Community Health Nursing, and Midwifery and Gynecology Nursing.

Practical Training:

  • GNM students undergo hands-on practical training in various clinical settings, including hospitals, community health centers, and maternity homes.


  • The final six months of the course often involve a mandatory internship, where students gain practical experience in different specialties under the supervision of experienced nursing professionals.


  • Upon successful completion of the GNM course, students are awarded a diploma certificate. They can then register with the State Nursing Council to practice as a qualified nurse.

Career Opportunities:

  1. Hospitals and Clinics:
    • GNM graduates can work as staff nurses in hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes.
  2. Community Health Centers:
    • Opportunities in community health settings, where nurses provide healthcare services in rural and underserved areas.
  3. Maternity Homes:
    • GNM nurses can work in maternity homes, providing care to pregnant women and assisting in childbirth.
  4. Nursing Homes:
    • Employment in nursing homes and assisted living facilities.
  5. Educational Institutions:
    • Some GNM graduates choose to work as nursing educators in training institutes.

Further Education:

  • GNM nurses can pursue higher education, such as a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSc Nursing) or postgraduate programs like MSc Nursing.


  • GNM nurses play a crucial role in healthcare delivery, providing patient care, assisting in medical procedures, and contributing to overall healthcare management.


  • After obtaining the GNM diploma, graduates must register with the State Nursing Council to practice as registered nurses.